Florida Becomes First Southern State to Legalize Medical Marijuana
Support for Amendment 2 far exceeds 60 percent, the threshold for approval.
Nov. 8, 2016
It looks like voters have made Florida the 26th state and the first in the South to allow medical use of marijuana. With more than 70 percent of precincts reporting, Florida's medical marijuana initiative, Amendment 2, was favored by 71 percent of voters, 11 points more than needed to pass a constitutional amendment.
Amendment 2 recognizes marijuana as a treatment for 10 specified conditions: cancer, epilepsy, glaucoma, HIV, AIDS, Crohn's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and post-traumatic stress disorder. It also allows doctors to recommend marijuana for patients with "other debilitating medical conditions of the same kind or class as or comparable to those enumerated."
The amendment takes effect on January 3, after which the Florida Department of Health has six months to issue regulations for patients, caregivers (who help patients obtain and use marijuana), and medical marijuana treatment centers (which produce and dispense the drug). Home cultivation is not permitted, and the department is charged with setting presumptive possession limits for patients. It is supposed to start issuing identification cards to qualifying patients and caregivers within nine months, and if it fails to do so a doctor's certification will authorize access to medical marijuana.