Washington sharply criticized Moscow Monday for banning imports of US meat, saying the Russians had ignored scientific proof that an additive in US animal feed is safe.
Top US officials said that global food-safety experts had cleared the additive, ractopamine, as safe at levels used in the United States.
But Russia, enforcing its own rules against any presence of ractopamine, on Monday banned all imports of beef, turkey, chicken, pork and other animals
“The United States is very disappointed that Russia has taken action to suspend all imports of US meat, which is produced to the highest safety standards in the world,” said US Trade Representative Ron Kirk and US Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack in a joint statement.
“Russia has disregarded the extensive and expert scientific studies conducted by the international food safety standards body, the Codex Alimentarius Commission,” they said.
The commission “has repeatedly concluded that animal feed containing the additive ractopamine is completely safe for livestock and for humans that consume their meat.”
They said Moscow had ignored repeated requests for talks on the issue “and instead has simply suspended US meat imports.”
The United States exported $557.7 million worth of fresh meat, chilled or frozen, to Russia last year, according to US data.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RactopamineRactopamine is a drug that is used as a feed additive to promote leanness in animals raised for their meat. Pharmacologically, it is a beta-adrenoceptor agonist. It is the active ingredient in products known as Paylean for swine and Optaflexx for cattle, developed by Elanco Animal Health, a division of Eli Lilly and Company, for use in food animals for growth promotion.
Molecular formula C18H23NO3 301.38 g mol−1
Ractopamine has been banned in the European Union, Taiwan, mainland China and Russia.
- 1 Mode of action
- 2 Metabolism
- 3 Regulations of ractopamine around the world
- 4 Human use and route of exposure
- 5 Pharmacokinetics in humans
- 6 Safety concerns
- 7 Adverse effects
- 7.1 Acute toxicity
- 7.2 Genotoxicity and mutagenicity
- 7.3 Carcinogenicity
- 7.4 Cardiovascular effects
- 7.5 Musculo-skeletal effects
- 7.6 Behavioral changes
- 8 Analytical method for residues in meat
- 9 International controversies
- 10 Comparison of ractopamine and clenbuterol
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
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