Example: "liberty rights"
You meld those two words together in a strictly geocommunist context.
FACT: Exclusive possession of a parcel land denies "liberty" to others to use that parcel of land.
OPINION: All other people in proximity to that land maintain an ongoing, inalienable "right" to said liberty (geocommunist common property in all land).
ERGO (Roy's fact-opinion mind-meld): Exclusive possession denies "liberty rights" to others, which must be reconciled.
WHEN IN FACT: Exclusive possession denies liberty to others. "Liberty Rights" is strictly normative (should/ought/opinion).
In other words, your entire language is fraught with question begging.
Of course they are - they are as much a form of landownership, as a net effect, as any real estate (land-plus-improvements) in the US that is subject to property taxes that includes land values. You only see it otherwise because you mince words while ignoring the net effect....long-term leaseholds are NOT a form of landownership.
Party A in Country A owns an ownership title to a parcel of land and all its improvements for fifty years, on which he pays property taxes.
Party B in Country B owns a fifty year leasehold on a parcel of land, on which he owns all improvements, but for which leasehold payments on the land itself are due.
Both have a "title" (something that "entitles" them) to exclusive possession of the land on which the improvements rest.
- One title is labeled "ownership", the other labeled "leasehold".
- Neither ever intends to give up their titles - their entitlement - to exclusive occupation and/or usage of the land.
- Exclusive use and possession in both cases is conditioned upon payment to the state.
- One conditional payment is labeled a "tax", while the other conditional payment is labeled a "leasehold payment".
You're under the delusion that relabeling things, while leaving the net salient effect the same, somehow makes a difference.
Looking at the net effect only, you can "own" land in Hong Kong every bit as much as you can "own" land in the US.