• Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 03:01 AM
    A Space Force would be part of the Air Force, just like the Marine Corps is part of the Navy. Aside from helping with scientific space-related endeavors (launching satellites, helping with the retrieval of astronauts and equipment, etc.), the main goal wouldn't be much different from other branches of the military: the demonstration of total military superiority in a given area of operations. Although that area starts at the edge of space and goes over the Kármán line (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K%C3%A1rm%C3%A1n_line) (62 miles above sea level), the superiority is accomplished by the same basic principle used elsewhere: Surveillance and reconnaissance: In this sense, the Space Force would be the ultimate "eye in the sky" -- it would give unmatched insight into positions of enemies as well as allies, using visualization that would be able to uncover hidden enemy locations and provide intel in situations of diminished visibility. This would be achieved through a combination of satellites and unmanned aerial reconnaissance vehicles that would send and coordinate their data in real-time with intelligence received from ground forces, creating a multi-dimensional layout of enemy position and activity, enabling effective and more accurate target acquisition. Acquired data would be further examined in the Space Force command centers on the ground, as well as in space, perhaps in the form of orbiting space stations. Logistics: The Space Force should be able to deliver ordnance, vehicles, supplies and personnel with an unmatched speed to any area of operations using special high-load thruster-powered space carriers that would dispatch resources from the orbit directly to any location on Earth. Sounds farfetched? For now, it does seem like something from a sci-fi movie, but it's definitely not beyond the realm of possibility. Vehicles that can land from space and launch into orbit at a moment's notice are a logical next step in the evolution of reusable space rockets (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reusable_launch_system). Those carriers would also be capable of delivering significant amounts of supplies necessary for rapid deployment of orbital structures and armaments. Speaking of which ... Orbital strikes: Engaging an enemy from the orbit wouldn't be limited to the distribution of troops and vehicles, but also by means of solar (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sun_gun) and laser cannons mounted on special satellites (https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/research/a18194748/aehf-doomsday-satellites/) and installations. Those would deliver devastating strikes using focused laser beams or sunlight that could melt or vaporize incoming missiles, airplanes as well as ground targets. Special equipment on the satellites would have to make them resistant to hacking and jamming since their unique destructive power and capabilities would turn them into a high-priority target for the enemy. A special defensive parameter would also need to be raised around these orbital structures, such as space minefields or even fighter-class spaceships. Their role would be to defend strategic points, organize into squadrons and assault enemy installations in space. Trade and travel routes As space technology evolves, the Space Force wouldn't be focused solely on Earth-based goals. Soon, celestial bodies in the solar system would become strategic targets. Wars wouldn't be fought exclusively for resources. Our solar system, not to mention the rest of universe, has ample amounts of them. The focus would be on holding strategic locations along trade and travel routes. Time is money, and whoever owns or controls the most lucrative, shortest routes, controls the space.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 01:55 AM
    Yes it does, we are discussing GPS, GPS is constitutional because it is navigation equipment for the Constitutional military which Congress is empowered to equip. GPS is not a postal service because the public can't use it to send messages. Because broccoli is a plant not a group of humans armed and organized for combat.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 01:43 AM
    Armies have always used navigation equipment, it is a perfectly Constitutional military project. The space force would be an army and would be Constitutional if it were created with an act of Congress. Internet service would be a modern Postal service and perfectly Constitutional if the Post Office provided it.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 01:38 AM
    Iran’s budget was designed and passed through the parliament calculating dollar’s rate at 38000Rial.However,now the gov claims official exchange rate is 1$=42000Rial but in practice(market) is 72400 Rial. This means increase in inflation rate,increase in prices by %62. It is over https://twitter.com/Raman_Ghavami/status/1008770451366137857
    168 replies | 5030 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 01:37 AM
    Iran may surrender to Trump sooner than we thought. Today some of upper-middle class parts of Tehran&teachers across the country were on the streets protesting. It was interesting as Tehran’s Bazaris chanted political slogans”our enemy is here,they lie when they say is America.” https://twitter.com/Raman_Ghavami/status/1008765416850841600
    168 replies | 5030 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 01:37 AM
    Protests are continuing to grow across Iran even as the regime in Tehran attempts to crush them. The demonstrations are increasing at a time when the leadership of the ‘Islamic Republic’ is struggling to adapt to its newly-reduced status after US President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the 2015 Joint Collective Plan of Action (JCPOA) nuclear deal between the regime and the P5+1 group of nations. Despite the frantic efforts by leadership officials to sign new financial and trade agreements and obtain credit lines from various allies to stave off collapse and allow the regime to continue funding its regional interventions, Iran’s currency exchange rate is approaching freefall while inflation is skyrocketing, with U.S. economist Steven H. Sanke announcing on Sunday that the current inflation rate stands at 78.55 percent. Meanwhile one U.S. dollar at the time of writing buys 42,270 Iranian riyals. This economic crisis has had a devastating effect on the lives of ordinary Iranians already suffering due to the regime’s negligence, with the collapse in the last year of many state-backed finance houses under the corrupt mismanagement of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) with no warning or compensation leaving many citizens penniless and further intensifying public anger against the regime’s oppressive policies. Many workers at state-backed institutions have been unpaid for months, leading to strike action and protests among groups as diverse as factory workers and teachers. Meanwhile farmers across Iran have been protesting over increasingly severe water shortages, with the effects of climate change exacerbated by disastrous regime mismanagement of resources, leaving many unable to irrigate their fields or even feed their livestock; a large number of Iran’s farmers fear that they may be driven into insolvency as their crops fail. Iranian authorities’ typically brutal efforts to crush the protests, with thousands of protesters arrested, beaten, imprisoned and tortured, and activists regularly, often publicly, executed on clearly fabricated charges, have not succeeded in quelling public anger; indeed, the regime’s savage response to public anger has simply further antagonised citizens who’ve suffered four decades of oppression, extremism and broken promises from the leadership. Another notable feature of the current protests, along with their grassroots nature, is the unity across the social, religious and racial spectrum. This harmony between regime opponents is among the Islamic Republic’s greatest fears; like all totalitarian regimes, the theocrats in Tehran clings to power not only by brute force but through instilling an Orwellian mindset of being engaged in permanent war against an external enemy — usually the United States, Israel and Britain — using a strategy of ‘divide and rule’ tactics, sowing mistrust and division amongst various ethnic groups, sects and classes within Iranian society and accusing any dissidents of being heretics, “Israeli agents” and “CIA spies” who can then be blamed for the problems in Iranian society caused by the regime’s own brutality, corruption and incompetence. With Iranians having long ago seen through this cynical ploy and no longer willing to play the regime’s cynical divisive game and blame the USA, Israel or other nations for the problems caused by the regime’s own mismanagement, crimes and corruption, the Khomeinists are in deep trouble. More at: http://dailycaller.com/2018/06/15/iras-regime-on-brink-as-protests-grow/?utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Twitter&utm_campaign=atdailycaller
    168 replies | 5030 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 01:32 AM
    The gold in the government vaults is owned by the paper dollars that represent it, it is gold that people are using as money under a gold standard whether they ever redeem it or not, the gold and the paper dollars attached to it become scarce domestically as I said. Dollars would still be convenient because you will never reach the point that all of the gold leaves the country, they are also convenient because that is what everyone in America prices things in, a foreign currency would be inconvenient because you would never have more of it than dollars and Americans don't price thing in it.
    17 replies | 252 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 01:17 AM
    It still isn't a postal service because you and I can't send a message through it, even if it could be a postal service it doesn't have to be because it is military equipment and the military is constitutional.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 12:57 AM
    Italy's new Interior Minister, and the country's de facto leader now that the League has surpassed 5-Star is national poalling, Matteo Salvini told an Italian television station Monday that he plans to conduct a census of the Roma community, and will kick anyone out of the country residing there illegally. "I've asked the ministry to prepare a dossier on the Roma question in Italy," Salvini told TeleLombardia, adding that the country's large community of Roma, also known as Gypsies, was "chaos" several years after a crackdown. “Unfortunately we will have to keep the Italian Roma because we can’t expel them,” Salvini added. Italy's Roma community is vast, and consists of mostly poor people from Romania and the former Yugoslavia. Italian authorities periodically clean out Gypsy squatter camps at the outskirts of major cities in the hopes that the notoriously nomadic Roma will find another place to set up camp.
    0 replies | 38 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 12:44 AM
    I am using your definitions of what is meant by "army" and "navy" as well as the original intent of the 2 year appropriation limit.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 12:37 AM
    Truth is truth, I replied to your expanded argument when I got to it. (post #67)
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 12:35 AM
    Irrelevant, the military is allowing the public to use their equipment as a courtesy. They do, it may be enciphered and deciphered en route but this is still a linguistic message in a human language.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 12:32 AM
    The Air Farce is based on land and the space force will be as well, the USMC is again in more danger of being unconstitutional since it has become more land based than sea based but doesn't have a two year appropriation limit.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 12:29 AM
    Was the public allowed to use it?
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 12:29 AM
    It doesn't authorize any departments, it leaves that to Congress, it authorizes "armies" and a "Navy" and makes a difference in how they are to be funded. That is like saying the 2ndA only covers muskets.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 12:26 AM
    Dollars and gold become worth more on the domestic market because that is where they are scarce, the foreigners have more gold sitting around so it becomes less valuable to them, this creates an incentive for Americans to produce things for export and for the foreigners to buy American products. Because our economy is based on dollars and we prefer to use them, if the foreign currency is not backed by gold then the incentive would be to convert it into gold to avoid inflation of the fiat currency, if the foreign currency is gold backed then it might be possible that it would be used like Spanish Pieces of Eight were used in early America but eventually the economy would end up converting them into dollars for convenience.
    17 replies | 252 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 12:16 AM
    Just because something may or may not be able to be considered a postal service doesn't mean it has to be one, GPS satellites are primarily a military project and that is how they are justified, therefore they don't need to be justified as a postal service. Also they don't send linguistic messages in any human language.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 12:14 AM
    The space force wouldn't be Constitutional as a postal service until then........So my point still stands.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 12:11 AM
    I don't agree with Trump doing this and he is acting unconstitutionally because he doesn't have an act of Congress. The Constitution doesn't "authorize two branches" it authorizes Congress to raise and support Armies and a Navy, that is an important difference, nowhere does it specify how any armies raised are to be organized, it gives that power to Congress to do with as it chooses: To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 12:05 AM
    They do not provide the public with communications services so they are not a postal service.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Today, 12:02 AM
    I know they had bases, they didn't live on ships all of the time, but they were a tiny force compared to the army. Also I said "MAY" be unconstitutional. Madison establishing them does not make it constitutional any more than a national bank is constitutional because Hamilton (who was also at the constitutional convention) wanted one. The Founders began violating the Constitution almost as soon as the ink was dry. In any case if the USMC is constitutional in spite of the violation of the 2 year appropriation limit on armies (which was intended as a check on any armed force that might be used to subjugate the people ) then the Air Farce and now a space army certainly are.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Yesterday, 11:49 PM
    They put the Marine Corps under the Navy to evade the 2 year limit on appropriations for armies. You can divide your armies by area or by focus, the difference is all but nonexistent.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Yesterday, 11:46 PM
    I'm claiming that the original Marine Corps had no significant presence on land and that the founders chipped, bent and broke the Constitution that they wrote, the Alien and Sedition acts were in flagrant violation of the Constitution.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Yesterday, 11:43 PM
    You can run low but you can't run out, as dollars become scarcer domestic production and exports rise and consumption and imports drop, people then can use the foreign currency they receive for the exports to buy gold in foreign markets and turn it in to create more dollars. Mining will also increase in response to the rising value of each dollar as the number of dollars drops.
    17 replies | 252 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Yesterday, 11:38 PM
    If the Air Farce isn't an army then it would have been unconstitutional when it was the Army Air Corps, that would have been a case of using the army to do something the Constitution didn't allow. However there is no validity to such an argument because using a different weapons set doesn't make them something different. What might be unconstitutional is the USMC, the Navy is operating an army that has a major presence on land and it has an appropriation longer than 2 years.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Yesterday, 11:29 PM
    I don't think the Air Farce ever should have been made independent and I don't think space command should be either but the Constitution says "armies" not "army". Congress has the power to raise and support as many as it likes, this isn't expanding what they can do it is simply a matter of how many times they can do it and the Constitution puts no limit on how many times they may.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Yesterday, 11:20 PM
    It says armies (plural): A1S8: 1: The Congress shall have Power....... 12: To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years; 13: To provide and maintain a Navy; 14: To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces; All it takes is an act of Congress.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Yesterday, 11:17 PM
    Because the navy was specifically being given something that other armies weren't: permission for unlimited appropriations. The reasons for and wisdom of that decision are a different topic.
    81 replies | 554 view(s)
  • Swordsmyth's Avatar
    Yesterday, 11:12 PM
    Under a gold standard mining and minting of gold is limited and zippy tried to claim that there would be a problem with running out of gold, there won't be, the market will govern itself and slow or even reverse the flow of gold.
    17 replies | 252 view(s)
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Never attempt to teach a pig to sing; it wastes your time and annoys the pig.

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