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    Yesterday, 08:01 PM
    On its first try, the 13th amendment passed the Senate on April 8, 1864 by a vote of 38 to 6; but then failed in two test votes in the House of Representatives (during the prime session that ended on July 4, 1864). It wasn't until the lame duck session that the House passed the amendment on January 31, 1865 by a vote of 119 to 56 (not quite sure how, since the House in the 38th Congress had 184 Representatives, and 2/3 of that would be 122). It then went on to be ratified by the required 27 of the then 36 states on December 6, 1865, and proclaimed on December 18, 1865. If reparations were to have been paid, then that's when they should have done so. Do you suppose the 13th Amendment would have been passed if ANY reparations had been proposed, much less ones the size of those being proposed by San Francisco, Los Angeles, and California? Hell, do you think the amendment would have passed if those at the time thought that reparations would be proposed 150 years down the line?
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    03-28-2023, 12:42 PM
    Voluntarist replied to a thread Imagine... in Open Discussion
    AF, I'm so sorry to hear of your and your family's loss. You mentioned your mom's progeny in your eulogy to her, and I suppose you'll have to take solace in seeing her in every one of them as time moves on. My mom passed eight years ago - it was two weeks after her 90th birthday party, where she was surrounded by four generations (including one great-great-grandson at the time) that she treasured. Steeley Dan wrote 'Only a fool would say that' to mock Lennon's song. And you may not remember how Gal Godot (Wonder Woman) organized a video with her celebrity pals each singing a line of the song - and the video was almost universally panned: This ‘Imagine’ Cover Is No Heaven Gal Gadot's 'Imagine' Instagram video was peak cringe Gal Gadot responds to the backlash against her infamous 'Imagine' video
    33 replies | 1036 view(s)
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    03-27-2023, 06:16 PM
    Guess there's no stopping the toxic masculinity - even when it comes out of a vial and is injected.
    236 replies | 4429 view(s)
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    03-25-2023, 12:47 PM
    That might be the case, but there's no analysis provided for it. Figures from 2011 show single victim/multiple offenders at 12.2%, multiple victims/single offender at 6.5% and multiple victims/multiple offenders at 1.6% ... so it's not an insignificant portion of the total, nor do they provide the actual numbers of victims and offenders. The link I provided above is the first data I could find for single/multiple offenders and single/multiple victims (and it's from 2011). 48.4% are confirmed to be single offender/single victim. My big takeway though is the 28.5% of homicides that are "Single victim/unknown offender(s)" coupled with the 2.8% that are "Multiple victims/unknown offender(s)"; that's a total of close to a third, and that percentage appears to be growing (2020 saw a record low of only 54.4 percent of the country’s homicide cases cleared). I'm assuming that the OP stats are for resolved/convicted homicides - so the upwards of 45.6% of homicides that are unresolved could really skew the results dramatically in one direction or the other. Edited to add: The https://datahazard.substack.com/p/american-murder analysis is a model rather than a compilation of actual tallied data. It relies upon a lot of assumptions, and upwards of 45.6% of the data for any year is missing (for which they don't even provide proxy data for - like they do with the climate models). It'd be easy (though tedious) to get actual tallied data, but they chose the modeling route instead. To provide a warm fuzzy for the model, they ought to apply it to a number of small subsets of the total data (like a few counties) and then compare the modeling results to the actual tallied data for those counties. If they don't match, then the model is wrong.
    39 replies | 1269 view(s)
  • Voluntarist's Avatar
    03-25-2023, 09:30 AM
    The concept of merit is under attack everywhere but in sports, Maher concluded. “It’s a bad issue for Democrats – if they’re on an airplane, they want a cockpit that looks like America. But they also want someone who knows how to fly the plane.”
    15 replies | 1670 view(s)
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    03-24-2023, 05:43 PM
    Nine years ago in Feminist Current: Why has drag escaped critique from feminists and the LGBTQ community?
    9 replies | 1151 view(s)
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    03-24-2023, 05:12 PM
    According to News Wars, it was in New York:
    9 replies | 1151 view(s)
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    03-20-2023, 04:27 PM
    Per bobbysandstrust.com: From his diary:
    19 replies | 3010 view(s)
  • Voluntarist's Avatar
    03-20-2023, 08:43 AM
    From people who never owned slaves, to people who never were slaves, in a state that never allowed slaves.
    58 replies | 3914 view(s)
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    03-20-2023, 08:12 AM
    15 replies | 829 view(s)
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    03-14-2023, 04:10 PM
    I'm down state, across the stream from St. Louis and right next door to Belleville (where the woman mentioned in the article lives). Big businesses are the only businesses that could reasonably be expected to leave the state since medium and small businesses tend to be tied to the local economy. And most big businesses already offer vacation and/or sick leave - so they'll just replace that with PTO, just like the medium and small businesses that offer vacation and/or sick leave. Who this will hurt is the medium and small businesses that don't already offer vacation/sick leave. Those won't have the option of leaving the state, so will have to either pass the costs along to their customers or else go out of business. So, I don't see this particular measure causing business to leave the state. However, Illinois is and has been very unfriendly to business over recent decades; and it's taking a toll. Six big companies moved their corporate headquarters out of the state in 2022 (Tyson Foods, Citadel, Boeing, Caterpillar, FTX and Highland Ventures). Caterpillar hasn't moved any blue-collar jobs as yet, but they're not expanding in the state (choosing other states instead). Chicago was the location for most corporate HQs, but it was difficult to recruit executives to live in Chicago, due primarily to crime. As per AARP, Illinois income tax is a flat 4.5% (which is higher that neighboring Indiana's 3.15%, but lower than Missouri's graduated tax which tops out at 4.95% and hits most workers). Average sales tax rate is 8.82%. The property tax is outrageous at about 2.08% of assessed value - only New Jersey and parts of Connecticut are higher. The median-priced home will have you paying about $5K a year in property taxes. Illinois may have the nation's worst public pension problem:
    11 replies | 551 view(s)
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    03-14-2023, 12:44 PM
    Done! Biden issues order to strengthen gun background checks
    3 replies | 222 view(s)
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    03-11-2023, 10:02 AM
    What liberals don't get about Trump voters:
    15 replies | 1670 view(s)
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    03-10-2023, 08:19 AM
    Mother of two self-identifies as childless Mom Accused of Leaving Kids Alone for 7 Weeks Flashes Smile During Arrest
    637 replies | 77874 view(s)
  • Voluntarist's Avatar
    03-05-2023, 08:01 AM
    I'm waiting for Billy Crystal to do a skit on it on SNL; it's only a matter of time.
    5 replies | 237 view(s)
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    03-04-2023, 12:05 PM
    Trigger Warnings
    15 replies | 1670 view(s)
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    03-03-2023, 11:01 AM
    South Carolina prosecuting woman for taking abortion-inducing pill in 2021
    0 replies | 72 view(s)
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  1. Genes code proteins with mRNA. Artificial mRNA codes proteins. Ergo, artificial mRNA is gene therapy (artificial gene, artificial protein.)
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    I am sorry to hear that. I hope this information helps.

    Effects of curcumin on bladder cancer cells and development of urothelial tumors in a rat bladder carcinogenesis model.

    Curcumin for Bladder Cancer

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    Just bored...lookin' around. Nice pic. That's not how I imagined you. I was thinking you'd look more like Lysander Spooner for some reason.
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    Your mailbox is full. In response to your pm...

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    hahaha! I just logged on for the first time in weeks and saw your comment in my rep status. funny.
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    That would completely throw the Calvies into a tailspin. hehe
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    I don't exactly remember. But it wasn't scientific, it was an opinion.
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