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  • Lamp's Avatar
    Today, 06:58 AM
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  • Lamp's Avatar
    Yesterday, 07:53 PM The man responsible for developing the phonetic translations of Chinese characters is being celebrated this week by Google, with a doodle. Zhou Youguang would be 112 years old Saturday. During his life, Youguang not only developed phonetic translations of Chinese characters — meaning, he’s the reason why you say “Beijing” instead of “Peking” these days, for instance — but also authored more than 40 books, and translated the Encyclopedia Britannica into Chinese. Youguang was born in Changzhou in 1906, and showed an interest in linguistics early on, at the age of 12. He went on to graduate from his high school with honours. Read more
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  • Lamp's Avatar
    Yesterday, 05:48 PM
    I fixed it.
    4 replies | 97 view(s)
  • brushfire's Avatar
    Yesterday, 01:08 PM
    So much MAGA... and you dont even know it.
    93 replies | 823 view(s)
  • Lamp's Avatar
    Yesterday, 10:51 AM
    5 replies | 117 view(s)
  • Lamp's Avatar
    Yesterday, 10:46 AM
    Kazakhstan Cheers New Alphabet, Except for All Those Apostrophes By ANDREW HIGGINSJAN. 15, 2018 Continue reading the main storyShare This Page Share Tweet Email More Save
    5 replies | 117 view(s)
  • Lamp's Avatar
    5 replies | 117 view(s)
  • Lamp's Avatar
    Yesterday, 10:34 AM In the former Soviet republic of Kazakhstan, the largest country in Central Asia, two languages ​​coexist: the Kazakh language, considered the “language of the State”; and Russian, which has the status of “official language”. But they have a single alphabet, the Cyrillic, a consequence of the unification that Moscow introduced in 1940. After 80 years, the country’s president, Nursultan Nazarbayev, has decided that his national language should be written in the Latin script, like Turkish and several other Turkic languages. This initiative was previously considered shortly after the USSR’s disintegration, but only in 2007 was it officially discussed. As part of the state development strategy for the first half of the 21st century, the objective is for it to become a reality in 2025, the year in which everything published in Kazakh (official documents, newspapers, books) must be transcribed with the letters used from the Roman Empire. From an economic-political point of view, it has been interpreted as a warning to Russia and a message to Western countries, so that they know that the government in Astana is open to doing business with everyone. It also seems part of the efforts to emphasize Kazakh culture as a hallmark. As stated by Nazarbayev in the newspaper Egemen Qazaqstan in 2017, to complete this task in time it is necessary to start now, and pointed out that before the end of the year scientists must develop a Latin version of the Kazakh alphabet. This year, specialists will start developing new textbooks for schools. The Kazakh leader, who currently is 76 years old and has ruled the country since the times of the USSR, said that starting to write with the most widely used alphabet in the world is a requirement “of the scientific and educational process of the 21st century”. The Latin alphabetic writing system appeared in the 7th century BCE in Magna Grecia (south of present-day Italy) from the western variant of the Greek alphabet. Currently, it is used by more than 2.5 billion people around the globe. “The students, who study English, are already used to Latin letters, and they will not have problems,” said Nazarbayev. Russia and Kazakhstan are debating these days whether this change will help the country’s economy or if the president and government seek other objectives. “We must not rule out that it is a signal for Moscow and for the West,” the political scientist Sultanbek Sultangaliev said on Sputnik Kazakhstan radio station. Yuri Solozobov, an expert from the National Strategy Institute of Russia, pointed out that “the transition to the Latin alphabet means a clearer entry of Kazakhstan into the Turkish-speaking world, joining the Turkish project”, according to the newspaper Nezavisimaya Gazeta.
    5 replies | 117 view(s)
  • Lamp's Avatar
    Yesterday, 09:19 AM paper, then paper money. This is pure logic. It is hardly surprising that the first notes or better, the first paper money, appeared in China. With the invention of paper and printing on its account, this country was almost destined to produce the first paper money. For centuries the mulberry tree has been cultivated in the Valley of the Yellow River (Shang period, 18th to 12th century BC). The first traces of paper date back to the 2nd half of the 1st century BC but then it was not used as writing material. For their traditional calligraphy with brushes they used linen, hemp, bamboo (cane) and bark of the mulberry tree. Important progress has been made between the 2nd and 4th century AD: Thanks to the use of soaked bast of the mulberry the quality of the pulp significantly improved and paper became less heavy. The improvement was such that paper gradually replaced the former bamboomats. Clerical texts and reports for the Court were henceforth written on paper but still in a vertical direction. This centuries-old way of writing is probably a result of writing on strips of bamboo which were tied together. From paper to paper money Paper fabrication during the Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD) During the Tang Dynasty (618-907) there was a growing need of metallic currency, but thanks to the familiarity with the idea of credit the Chinese were ready to accept pieces of paper or paper drafts. This practice is derived from the credit notes used by merchants for their long-distance trade. Due to this lack of coins, also the dead had to change their habits of taking a coin with them to pay their passage to the other world. About the 6th century notes replaced coins as burial money. May we consider this as a real means of payment? Of course not, but it is remarkable that also here paper replaces very smoothly the copper coins that were used before. At the end of the Tang period, traders deposited their values with their corporations. In exchange, they received bearer notes or the so-called hequan. Those hequan were a real success and the idea was exploited by the Authorities. Merchants were invited to deposit henceforth their metallic money in the Government Treasury in exchange for official “compensation notes”, called Fey-thsian or flying money. During the Song Dynasty (960-1276) booming business in the region of Tchetchuan likewise resulted in a shortage of copper money. Some merchants issued private drafts covered by a monetary reserve which initially consisted of coins and salt, later of gold and silver. Those notes are considered to be the first to circulate as legal tender. In 1024 the Authorities confer themselves the issuing monopoly and under Mongol government, during the Yuan Dynasty (1279-1367), paper money becomes the only legal tender. During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) the issuing of notes is conferred to the Ministry of Finance.
    4 replies | 97 view(s)
  • brushfire's Avatar
    Yesterday, 09:05 AM
    HAHA! Joe Biden...
    13 replies | 201 view(s)
  • brushfire's Avatar
    Yesterday, 08:39 AM
    <whisper> tryin to build a prison... </whisper>
    7 replies | 152 view(s)
  • brushfire's Avatar
    Yesterday, 08:33 AM
    If everything was based on need, would "man" still be in cave dwellings? Living off the land, by hand, should be enough to provide for anyone's needs... Right? How many kids does anyone need? Does anyone need a car or phone? Advancement requires a yearning or desire for something more. Some might call these "wants". Now choir, turn your hymn books to psalm...
    14 replies | 195 view(s)
  • brushfire's Avatar
    03-22-2018, 10:11 AM
    Its all about control... And if you disagree with me, you're a racist, sexist, homophobic, nazi dog whistler.
    32 replies | 2199 view(s)
  • Lamp's Avatar
    03-21-2018, 10:04 PM
    Forgive him. He's been listening to too many rick santorum speeches.
    92 replies | 844 view(s)
  • Lamp's Avatar
    03-21-2018, 09:55 PM
    No shit. "freedom isn't popular" because the idiots who claim to promote it are a joke who can't even tie their own shoelaces without falling over and breaking their noses much less roll themselves over after they fall over like turtles with their exposed bellies pointing to the sky perfectly aligned in a manner that allows the buzzards overhead to peck at their soft gooey innards.
    61 replies | 1252 view(s)
  • Lamp's Avatar
    03-21-2018, 09:43 PM
    The republican party was never pro freedom and it doesn't matter whether people renounce their membership from it or not. Whether you associate that with renouncing freedom is another thing. I'm not talking about freedom in this case.
    61 replies | 1252 view(s)
  • Lamp's Avatar
    03-21-2018, 09:05 PM
    Honestly did it ever occur to you that maybe the republican party was just bad at marketing in the early 2000s and still is? Its a giant joke. Its not a business oriented party. It's not respectable. It's just a giant obese wheelchair riding meme now that no one would want to associate with if big daddy Cheeto Emperor hadn't hopped on board or to a lesser but nevertheless important extent being that the Paul's unfortunately associated themselves with it.
    61 replies | 1252 view(s)
  • Lamp's Avatar
    03-21-2018, 08:16 PM
    Or maybe it's not. Every major advancement in communications and entertainment goes through this phase as crusty old farts who don't understand it attack it. Lets go over the much greater GOOD the internet does, shall we?
    0 replies | 89 view(s)
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12 Visitor Messages

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    Hello there
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    Crazy 'bout that hard headed woman o' mine.

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    sorry. don't know how i missed you.
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    under what name?
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    Thanks for the +rep!
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    Yeah. Wilson paved the way for FDR, just as Lincoln paved the way for Wilson.
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    Humility is a virtue, and I embrace anyone that strives for it, no matter which path they take.

    Actions speak louder than words.

    Watch my feet, not my mouth.

    That's why I love Ron Paul!!!!!

    And Lord knows I'm far from perfect, too!
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    Well... like I say - It's not meant to be a quote

    I like the Old Testament for the history of that part of the world, particularly the history of the Jews.

    I like the New Testament for the teachings of Jesus. Don't care much for the teachings of Paul.

    I think we (the West) can learn a lot from the spirituality of India regarding killing, vegetarianism, and karma.

    I consider myself 'spiritual', rather than 'religious'.

    My favorite church in town is a Hare Krishna temple
  9. View Conversation
    nah... I don't think so ("don't kill" vs "don't murder")

    I like the King James Version "don't kill". He assembled the greatest biblical scholars in Europe at the time - arguably the most intensely researched translation in history.

    Plus, 'murder' implies (by definition) that we shouldn't kill humans, while 'kill' implies we shouldn't kill anything - if we don't have to. I feel the same way. Bad karma.
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Don't drone me, bro!

Ron Paul
R[∃vo˩]ution 2017


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