08-23-2016, 09:45 PM
There is much to unpack here, but I will first start with your misrepresentation of what the Orthodox believe and don't believe with regards to the Church Fathers. We do not believe the Saints before us to be infallible. We do not believe them to be above question. We do not believe in running carelessly after men and succumbing to their teachings, especially when they go counter to what is the shared experience and beliefs of Christians before them.
It is true that in time, as the generations went past, it became necessary to use more precise terminology to describe the Christian understanding of God. Using the limits of human reason and the human language, doctrines and terms were written to describe what is actually undefinable and unexpressable, namely God and our experience of communion with Him, in love and abiding in Him. The reason it became necessary to proclaim certain beliefs and dogma, such as the economy of the Persons of the Holy Trinity and the Christological definitions, was because of the various heresies which had grown and caused unrest within the Church.
But even with that all said, this greater means of expressing the human experience of an encounter with God was not in itself creating a new experience. It was not describing a different experience of God. It was rather trying to describe what was already known and experienced by Saints of every generation.
It is indeed the same Holy Spirit Who revealed the truths to the Apostles as He did to those who followed them. Humans have invented words and terms to describe these truths, but the faith remains the same faith "which was once delivered unto the saints" (Jude 1:3).
The point is that even though the Holy Evangelists did not use the words 'ὁμοούσιον' or 'consubstantial' in the New Testament, doesn't mean that this is not what they believed. The Church had to contend against heresies and the pressures in the world, and so she did. But the Christian experience of the God-man Jesus Christ within a man's heart and the peace, joy and wisdom which comes from it, is something which is indeed personal, but shared and in union through unity, with all who have experienced His presence. Thus while Saints may have erred on particular things, it is not these errors which glorify them to be called 'pillars' and 'fathers', but rather those things they taught which resonate far and wide as being true to the people's own common understanding and knowledge about God and how Christians have always believed and experienced and handed down (namely, the catholic and orthodox faith).